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July 27, 2011

transnational organized crime の定義:Strategy to Combat Transnational Organized Crimeのお話の続き

このエントリーは公開時刻自動設定機能によりエントリーしております。

Strategy to Combat Transnational Organized Crime
http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/nsc/transnational-crime
のお話の続きでありますが、このお話で問題とされている

transnational organized crime
の定義については、Definitionのところで

以下の通り言及されております。
Strategy to Combat Transnational Organized Crime: Definition
http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/nsc/transnational-crime/definition

Transnational organized crime refers to those self-perpetuating associations of individuals who oper- ate transnationally for the purpose of obtaining power, influence, monetary and/or commercial gains, wholly or in part by illegal means, while protecting their activities through a pattern of corruption and/ or violence, or while protecting their illegal activities through a transnational organizational structure and the exploitation of transnational commerce or communication mechanisms. There is no single structure under which transnational organized criminals operate; they vary from hierarchies to clans, networks, and cells, and may evolve to other structures. The crimes they commit also vary. Transnational organized criminals act conspiratorially in their criminal activities and possess certain characteristics which may include, but are not limited to:

・In at least part of their activities they commit violence or other acts which are likely to intimidate, or make actual or implicit threats to do so;
・They exploit differences between countries to further their objectives, enriching their organiza- tion, expanding its power, and/or avoiding detection/apprehension;
・They attempt to gain influence in government, politics, and commerce through corrupt as well as legitimate means;
・They have economic gain as their primary goal, not only from patently illegal activities but also from investment in legitimate businesses; and
・They attempt to insulate both their leadership and membership from detection, sanction, and/ or prosecution through their organizational structure.

企業のご担当者の方だけでなく、弁護士や会計士の先生等の専門家の方々の目から見ても、結構広範にいろいろなことが問題となる可能性があるのでは?といろいろなことが頭に浮かんでくるかもしれない定義振りになっているのではないかと感じたのですがいかがでありましょうか。
ろじゃあ、少し、真面目に御勉強してみようと思った次第です。
まあ、あくまでも備忘録ということで。

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